, causing the central bank to increase its lending rate to 8 from.5 in 2013. Cold War The rsfsr in 19561991, mostly after territorial acquisitions according to wwii treaties, the accession of Tuva in 1944, the transfer of the Crimean Oblast in 1954 and the incorporation of the Karelo-Finnish SSR in 1956. 89 Nearly 3 million Soviet POWs in German captivity were murdered in just eight months of 194142. 280 They were triggered by the lack of proper response from the Russian authorities to the published investigative film He Is Not Dimon To You, which has garnered more than 20 million views on YouTube. Education in state-owned secondary schools is free. 156 Additionally, there are over.5 million reservists, with the total number of reserve troops possibly being as high as 20 million. Currently many new pipeline projects are being realized, including Nord Stream and South Stream natural gas pipelines to Europe, and the Eastern Siberia Pacific Ocean oil pipeline (espo) to the Russian Far East and China. Ranging from administrative harassment to arbitrary imprisonment to extrajudicial killing, are implemented in a fashion that is systematic, ongoing, and egregious." 373 On UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression David Kaye, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedoms. Culture Main article: Russian culture Folk culture and cuisine See also: Russian traditions, Russian jokes, Russian fairy tales, Russian cuisine, and Gopnik There are over 160 different ethnic groups and indigenous peoples in Russia.
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||Later, in 167071, the Don Cossacks led by Stenka Razin initiated a major uprising in the Volga Region, but the Tsar's troops were successful in defeating the rebels. Double 50 m and 100 m freestyle Olympic gold medalist Alexander Popov is widely considered the greatest sprint swimmer in history. The Russian Federation is fundamentally structured as a multi-party representative democracy, with the federal government composed of three branches: Legislative: The bicameral Federal Assembly of Russia, made up of the 450-member State Duma and the 170-member Federation Council, adopts federal. 349 350 The communist government ridiculed religions and their believers, and propagated atheism in schools. The "territory" designation is historic, originally given to frontier regions and later also to the administrative divisions that comprised autonomous okrugs or autonomous oblasts.
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||286 The decline has slowed to near stagnation in recent years because of reduced death rates, increased birth rates and increased immigration. Within about a year of the revolution, the state expropriated all church property, including the churches themselves, and in the period from 1922 to 1926, 28 Russian Orthodox bishops and more than 1,200 priests were killed. 4 Winter Olympics were held in Sochi in the south of Russia. Climate Main article: Climate of Russia The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except. 152 153 Freedom House, an international organisation funded by the United States, ranks Russia as "not free citing "carefully engineered elections" and "absence" of debate.
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51 The reigns of Vladimir the Great (9801015) and his son Yaroslav the Wise (10191054) constitute the Golden Age of Kiev, which saw the acceptance of Orthodox Christianity from Byzantium and the creation of the first East Slavic written legal code, the Russkaya Pravda. 162 However, unofficial estimates put the budget significantly higher, for example the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (sipri) 2013 Military Expenditure Database estimated Russia's military expenditure in 2012 at US90.749 billion. 397 Soviet ballet preserved the perfected 19th-century traditions, 398 and the Soviet Union's choreography schools produced many internationally famous stars, including Galina Ulanova, Maya Plisetskaya, Rudolf Nureyev, and Mikhail Baryshnikov. Russia took up the responsibility for settling the ussr's external debts, even though its population made up just half of the population of the ussr at the time of its dissolution.112 In 1992, most consumer price controls were eliminated, causing extreme. Russian New Year traditions resemble those of the Western Christmas, with New Year Trees and gifts, and Ded Moroz ( Father Frost ) playing the same role as Santa Claus. 363 Traced back to the Christianization of Kievan Rus' in the 10th century, Russian Orthodoxy is the dominant religion in the country; smaller Christian denominations such as Catholics, Armenian Gregorians and various Protestant churches also exist.
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Now Kiril led the faithful directly into an alliance with the state." 370 Mark Woods provides specific examples of how the Church under Patriarch Kirill of Moscow has backed the expansion of Russian power into Crimea and eastern Ukraine. In 1990, all of them except for the Jewish AO were elevated in status to that of a republic. The turn of the 20th century saw the rise of symbolist painting, represented by Mikhail Vrubel, Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, and Nicholas Roerich. 57 Moscow's last rival, the Novgorod Republic, prospered as the chief fur trade center and the easternmost port of the Hanseatic League. 46 oblasts (provinces most common type of federal subjects, with locally elected governor and legislature. Out of the 15 republics that would make up the ussr, the largest in size and over half of the total ussr population was poland erotic massage escort sex guide
the Russian sfsr, which came to dominate the union for its entire 69-year history. Leading political parties in Russia include United Russia, the Communist Party, the Liberal Democratic Party, and A Just Russia. In the 20th century Soviet mathematicians, such as Andrey Kolmogorov, Israel Gelfand, and Sergey Sobolev, made major contributions to various areas of mathematics. Russian explorers pushed eastward primarily along the Siberian River Routes, and by the mid-17th century there were Russian settlements in Eastern Siberia, on the Chukchi Peninsula, along the Amur River, and on the Pacific coast. Companies "generated more than 90 billion in revenue from Russia in 2017." 242 According to the aalep, "there are almost 3,000 American companies in Russia, and the.S. 86 In 1925 the government founded the League of Militant Atheists to intensify the persecution. 59 Old Russian folklore takes its roots in the pagan Slavic religion. 378 While Russia has more physicians, hospitals, and health care workers than almost any other country in the world on a per capita basis, 379 since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the health of the Russian population has. 1, the exports of natural resources started decreasing in economic importance as the internal market strengthened considerably. 213 Some analysts estimate that WTO membership could bring the Russian economy a bounce of up to 3 annually. 402 403 By the 1880s, the age of the great novelists was over, and short fiction and poetry became the dominant genres. The official budget is set to rise.03 trillion rubles (approximately US83.7 billion) in 2015, and.36 trillion rubles (approximately US93.9 billion) in 2016.